Your Body Composition Analysis (BCA) provides you with a detailed report with over 40 data outputs relating to your body.  Below is a guide to understanding your results.

Please note that with every personal appointment booked you will receive a detailed explanation of your results.  You will also receive a comprehensive interpretation guide with your first analysis.


The following information has been derived from the ‘InBody 570 Interpretation Guide’.



Adelaide body fat measurement

Total Body Water (TBW)
TBW is all the water in your body.  Note that TBW will likely be higher in individuals with higher than average muscle mass.

Protein consists of nitrogen. High nitrogen levels within your body’s cells indicate good levels of muscle mass and general health.  Low levels of protein implies a low level of muscle mass and may be indicative of poor nutrition and malnourishment.

The mineral analysis comprises two groups of minerals Osseous (Bone Minerals) and Non-Osseous (Minerals in cells). 

Calculations used for Body Composition Analysis Table

  • Total Body Water is displayed in Litres (L).  1L = 1kg
  • Soft Lean Mass is the sum of Your Total Body Water, Protein and Non-Osseous Minerals (Non-Osseous Minerals are calculated by deducting your Bone Mineral Content from the total Minerals) Note: Bone Mineral Content is found on bottom right of report under Research Parameters.
  • Fat Free Mass is your Weight less your Body Fat Mass
  • Weight is the sum of Total Body Water, Protein, Minerals and Body Fat Mass.



Adelaide muscle vs fat analysis

Weight in kilograms (kg)
SMM (Skeletal Muscle Mass) is the muscle mass attached to the bones and is the muscle that can be most transformed by exercise and diet.  SMM does not include cardiac muscle or visceral muscle.

Body Fat Mass is shown in kilograms (kg) and is the amount of fat in your body.



Adelaide body building scan

Body Mass Index (BMI). 
This is calculated by use of a formula that divides your weight by the square of your height and does not take into account your overall body composition.  A highly muscled individual may be classified as overweight when using the BMI formula which can be misleading. 

Percent Body Fat (PBF)
This is the percentage of your body fat calculated by total mass of body fat divided by total body mass.



Adelaide body fat percentage

Soft lean mass (muscle mass) in each key body segment is shown in kilograms (kg) and as a percentage (%) in relation to your actual weight.

The number at the end of the upper bar is the amount of soft lean mass for that body segment in kg.

The number at the end of the lower bar is the percentage in relation to your actual weight.  If the lower bar reaches 100% it indicates that you have ideal soft lean mass for your weight.



Adelaide body water analysis

The ratio of Extracellular Water to Total Body water is an important indicator as to whether the body water is balanced.  If in a healthy state, ECW ratio should be in the range of 0.36 – 0.39.  If the ECW ratio is higher than that range, it may be suggestive of having edema*, which may require the review by a health care professional.

*Definition of EDEMA (Merriam-Webster Dictionary)
1:an abnormal infiltration and excess accumulation of serous fluid in connective tissue or in a serous cavity



Our database allows us to track your results and plot your Weight, SMM, PBF and ECW Ratio from your last 8 tests on a graph. 



Adelaide body composition analysis Inbody Score

The InBody Score is a reflection of the overall evaluation of your body composition.  The more muscle mass the body has the higher the score will be.  It is possible, to score over 100 points if you have very high muscle mass.  Note that very low fat mass (below healthy ranges) will cause your score to drop.
As a guideline an average person who is reasonably balanced will generally score between 70-79 points.



In this section the InBody 570 gives recommendations on muscle and fat control.  These are suggestions only and are dependent on your goals.



This section reviews the balance of your Upper Body (between left and right arms), Lower Body (between left and right legs) and the balance between the Upper and Lower body.



This shows the distribution of fat around the body.



This is the individual circumference (girth) measurement of separate body parts. 



VFL is an indicator based on the amount of fat surrounding the internal organs in the abdomen.  InBody suggest that it is ideal to maintain a visceral fat level under 9 to stay in the more balanced range.



Intracellular Water (ICW):  ICW is the water in the cells.  Note that as muscles are cells, high muscle mass = high cells = high ICW.

Extracellular Water (ECW):  ICW is the water outside the cells. Note that ECW is usually high if ICW is high.

Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR):   BMR is the minimum amount of energy required (calories) to sustain vital functions whilst at rest.  The higher your muscle mass the higher your BMR will be.

Waist – Hip Ratio (WHR):  WHR is considered a good indicator of internal fat distribution on a person.

Bone Mineral Content (BMC):  BMC is used in clinical medicine as an indirect indicator of Osteoporosis.  A high mineral content generally indicates a higher bone density.

Body Cell Mass (BCM):  BCM is the sum of the cells containing intracellular water and protein found in the organs.  The main role of this index is to help evaluate your nutritional state.

Arm Circumference (AC):  AC is the measurement of the left arm.

Arm Muscle Circumference (AMC):  AMC is the measurement of the arm minus the fat.  Excessive fat in this area may be suggestive of hormonal imbalances.


BLOOD PRESSURE (optional test)

Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP): SBP measures the amount of pressure that blood exerts on arteries and vessels while the heart is beating.  Normal rage 90-120mmHG (American Heart Association)

Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP): DMP is the pressure that is exerted on the walls of the various arteries around the body in between heart beats when the heart is relaxed. Normal range 60-80mmHG (American Heart Association)

Heart Rate (HR): The rate at which your heart beats in beats per minute.  The average resting heart rate is 60-80 bpm. (American Heart Association)



 Adelaide body composition analysis personal data

This is you unique identifier that allows us to store your analysis results in our data base so that we can assist with tracking your results.  Note that we do not share your information with anyone without your permission.

We use a digital stadiometer (height measuring device) to accurately measure your height.  Your height is automatically imported into the body composition analyser.

Age and Gender
Our technology measures you and only you.  Your age and gender do not in any way contribute to your results – no statistical or population data (empirical data) influences your results.

Test Date/Time
Records exact date and time of your test.


The above information has been derived from the InBody 570 Interpretation Guide.